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The Five W’s of Bullying and Tips for Prevention

1) Who?
Bullying can occur in any youth-serving organization.  Research shows that every 7 minutes a child is bullied at school and approximately 160,000 children miss school each day due to fear of bullying.
2) What? 
Experts define bullying as intentional, repeated, unpleasant, or negative behavior by one or more persons directed against a person who has difficulty defending himself or herself. The six common types of bullying include the following: physical, verbal, nonverbal and relational, cyber-bullying, hazing and sexualized bullying.
3) When? 
Certain activities create more opportunities for bullying behaviors including: transition times, times when youth are crowded together, activities with mixed ages, activities that involve changing clothes, free time, overnight trips, and before and after school.
4) Where?
Like high-risk activities, high-risk locations also contribute to increased bullying behaviors. Secluded areas, out-of-the-way locations, stairwells, bathrooms, locker rooms, and buses are common places that youth use to bully others because they are isolated and less monitored.
5) Why? 
Bullying may occur for many different reasons.  We once considered it “normal” childhood behavior, but we know now that we must take action to stop it in our youth-serving organizations.
Tips for Prevention
Praesidium has analyzed hundreds of bullying incidents and reviewed state statutes, case studies, and bullying literature to provide guidance to youth-serving organizations. Some of Praesidium’s bullying prevention services include:
  • Policies:
    • Bullying prevention policies and procedures
  • Training:
    • Online training course “Preventing Bullying” on Praesidium Academy
    • Onsite training workshops for employees and volunteers
  • Consumer Participation:
    • Educational materials for parents and youth
Contact us today at for more information on our variety of Bullying services.
Helpful Resources: